【無了期唔知幾時完嘅武漢肺炎】國際疫情討論區09

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2021-09-08 19:54:16
新加坡 COVID-19 疫苗接種率接近 8 成,但最近確診者迅速攀升,昨 (7) 日報 328 例新增確診,是自去 (2020) 年 8 月以來最高水準。

為加強防疫措施,新加坡政府規定計程車司機也都必須每週接受一次檢驗等,希望疫情獲得控制。

由於新加坡已解除禁止在外飲食規定等緣故,人與人之間的接觸機會大增。此外,接種疫苗後仍確診的突破性感染案例也增加。

根據新加坡當局統計,近一個月以來的確診者,有 76% 都已完成疫苗接種。由於疫苗的防護力會隨著時間遞減,新加坡衛生部長王乙康表示,疫苗對於預防感染的效果只有 40% 左右。

新加坡財政部長黃循財在 6 日 (週一) 表示,如此步調若持續發展,兩週後的單日新增確診恐達到 1000 人,在一個月後的單日新增確診可能達 2000 人。他也希望能透過擴大篩檢,來提早發現確診案例。

針對容易接觸到不戴口罩顧客的餐飲業,員工檢驗間隔將從兩週一次改為一週一次,計程車司機和超市員工等也列入新措施是用範圍。當局也會在其他行業的公司行號發放試劑,員工檢驗結果必須呈報給相關當局。

在先進國家當中,新加坡的疫苗接種完成率算是名列前茅,如今該國仍強化防疫作為,凸顯走向所謂的「新常態」(The New Normal) 是有多麼不易。

新加坡政府不斷強調疫苗接種可預防重症的效果,提到完成疫苗接種的人若不幸確診,演變成重症化的比率不到 1%,而未接受疫苗接種的人確診後重症的比率達 6%。
2021-09-09 11:41:49
18 new cases in New Zealand

keep improving
2021-09-09 12:15:25

Internal Documents Further Contradict Fauci’s ‘Gain-of-Function’ Research Denials


Newly released documents appear to contradict Dr. Anthony Fauci’s repeated claims that the NIH did not fund gain-of-function research on bat coronaviruses at the Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV).
The internal documents detail the work of EcoHealth Alliance, an American research non-profit which used NIH funding to research novel bat coronaviruses at the Wuhan lab. Among the documents, which were obtained by The Intercept through a Freedom of Information Act request, is a previously unpublished EcoHealth Alliance grant proposal filed with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, which is run by Fauci.
The proposal requests $3.1 million for a project titled “Understanding the Risk of Bat Coronavirus Emergence,” which involved screening thousands of lab workers for novel bat coronaviruses. The grant was awarded for five years, from 2014 to 2019, and was subsequently renewed before being suspended by the Trump administration. The proposal directs $599,000 of the total grant to the Wuhan Institute of Virology for research designed to make the viruses more dangerous and/or infectious — and its author acknowledged the danger associated with such work.
“Fieldwork involves the highest risk of exposure to SARS or other CoVs, while working in caves with high bat density overhead and the potential for fecal dust to be inhaled,” it read.
After reviewing the documents, Gary Ruskin, executive director of a group probing COVID’s origins called U.S. Right to Know, told the Intercept that the grant was a “road map to the high-risk research that could have led to the current pandemic.”
Fauci has repeatedly insisted during his Senate testimony that the research being funded by the NIH at the WIV did not qualify as “gain-of-function” under the NIH’s current definition. But critics, including Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky, have accused Fauci of playing semantic games by excluding research which makes bat coronaviruses more transmissible — the commonly accepted definition of “gain-of-function” — from his more convenient definition.
Dr. Richard Ebright, biosafety expert and professor of chemistry and chemical biology at Rutgers University, has also disputed Fauci’s claims. Primarily, he has rebutted Fauci’s chief declaration that the NIH “has not ever and does not now fund gain of function research in the Wuhan Institute of Virology [WIV]” as “demonstrably false.”
Ebright told National Review that the NIH-financed work at the WIV “epitomizes” the definition of gain-of-function research, which involves working with “enhanced potential pandemic pathogen (PPP)” or those pathogens “resulting from the enhancement of the transmissibility and/or virulence of a pathogen.”
The Wuhan lab’s program qualified as gain-of-function research because it artificially engineered novel SARS-related coronaviruses to make them more transmissible and dangerous to humans, the breeding ground for accident, Ebright said.
Following the FOIA release secured by the Intercept, Ebright doubled down on his repudiation of Fauci, confirming that the NIH did conduct gain-of-function research during the five-year period in question.
“The materials show that the 2014 and 2019 NIH grants to EcoHealth with subcontracts to WIV funded gain-of-function research as defined in federal policies in effect in 2014-2017 and potential pandemic pathogen enhancement as defined in federal policies in effect in 2017-present,” Ebright tweeted.
He added that the “documents make it clear that assertions by the NIH Director, Francis Collins, and the NIAID Director, Anthony Fauci, that the NIH did not support gain-of-function research or potential pandemic pathogen enhancement at WIV are untruthful.”
As evidence mounts in favor of Ebright’s conclusion, further discrediting
2021-09-09 12:34:31
Fauci, some Republican lawmakers have called for the doctor’s removal from his post in the Biden administration. Shortly after the FOIA disclosure, GOP Senator Josh Hawley demanded that Fauci step down and be subject to a congressional investigation for lying to the public about the NIH’s activities.
“Anthony Fauci has repeatedly and deliberately mislead Congress and the American people. Resign. And face a congressional inquiry,” he tweeted.
2021-09-09 15:09:10

新冠肺炎今增4例本土、2例境外 添1死、累計838人病逝



指揮中心說明,今日新增4例本土病例中,為3例男性、1例女性,年齡介於30歲至50多歲,其中1例發病日為今年9月5日、餘3例為無症狀感染;個案分布為台北市及新北市各2例,其中3例為已知感染源、1例關聯不明,衛生單位將持續進行疫情調查及防治,以釐清感染源。

指揮中心表示,今日新增2例境外移入個案,分別為埃及籍30多歲男性(案16169)及埃及籍40多歲男性(案16170),8月4日一同自埃及來台,均持有搭機前3日內檢驗陰性證明且入境後採檢及檢疫期滿前採檢結果均為陰性;由於2人曾接觸確診個案,9月7日由衛生單位安排採檢,結果皆為陰性,今日再次採檢並確診(案16169之Ct值36.7,案16170之Ct值34.7);2人相關接觸者匡列中。

指揮中心指出,今日新增1例死亡個案(案16162),為70多歲男性,具慢性病史、無其他確診者接觸史,9月3日至9月6日期間多次因其他原因就醫(9月4日就醫快篩陰性),9月7日因身體不適送醫,到院前無生命跡象,於同日死亡,並於9月8日確診。
2021-09-09 20:14:16

【美國研究】接種復必泰20周後「效力極低」 須再打第3劑



由美國康奈爾大學、卡塔爾大學等團隊主導的最新疫苗研究顯示,復必泰疫苗接種後初期保護力強,不過在接種第2劑的20週後,對病毒的保護力會慢慢降至「極低水平」,意味著必須再打第3劑。不過,疫苗對於預防重症或減低致死率的效力則維持6個月。

研究指出,完成接種復必泰疫苗後,保護力會逐漸上升,在第2劑後的5週內效力更達約70%的最高水平。不過在此之後,就會慢慢回落,保護力減弱,特別到第15週後急速下降,至第20週的「極低水平」。

雖然對於感染病症出現保護力遞減的情況,但數據顯示,復必泰對於預防重症或減低致死率維持有效,效力在僅接種第1劑後的第3周已迅速升至67.7%,而在完成兩劑的5周後更達到95.4%的高水平,一直維持6個月(約25周)以上,但其後慢慢由90%多的水平,降回約70%。

該研究已採用阿拉伯國家卡塔爾的數據加以分析,相關研究已刊登在醫學論文預印本(medRxiv)網站,但論文尚未經同行審議。
2021-09-09 20:37:51
2,356 new cases and 7 new deaths in Austria

Keep worsening!
2021-09-10 09:22:16

歐洲藥管局稱有證據表明免疫力低者需接種加強劑



歐洲藥品管理局表示,有證據表明,免疫力較低的人和部分老年患者,需要接種新冠疫苗加強劑。

藥管局疫苗部門負責人卡瓦列里表示,證據表明疫苗對預防住院、重症和死亡有很高保護力,目前首要任務是確保最大限度地接種疫苗,不清楚幾時開始為普通人接種加強劑。

他又說,正評估美國輝瑞和德國BioNTech的建議,即是16歲以上人士在接種第二劑疫苗後,最少在六個月內接種加強針。

意大利藥物機構表示,已批准為免疫力較低、80歲以上長者及護老院住客,接種加強劑。
2021-09-10 09:35:21

日本首度查到染Eta變異株病例 已知18例



https://lihkg.com/thread/2694578/page/1
2021-09-10 09:41:20

States in USA running out of ICU beds consider rationing care


Some states are nearing a point of having to ration care in hospitals as COVID hospitalizations surge. At Kootenai Health hospital in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, a conference center has been transformed into a field hospital with patients being treated with ventilators in classrooms. At the nearby hospital, COVID patients in emergency rooms are overflowing into hallways. On Tuesday, there were only nine intensive care beds available in the entire state, officials said. Idaho has one of the lowest vaccination rates in the country, with only 40% fully vaccinated.

Kentucky, too, is rapidly approaching a crisis standard of care, Gov. Andy Beshear said Wednesday, pointing out there are only 90 adult intensive care beds available in the state. More than two-thirds of hospitals are experiencing a critical staffing shortage, he said. Beshear told CNN the state is "right at” or “quickly approaching that point" at which hospitals will have to begin rationing care.

“So we are at a very precarious situation,” he said.
2021-09-10 09:47:36

Texas, USA


+27,953 new cases
+402 new deaths. Only five countries have more new deaths on 9 Sept, 2021: USA, Mexico, Russia, Brazil, and Iran.

Both are the new highs in this wave.
2021-09-10 09:48:47
Ony three countries have more new cases on 9 Sept, 2021:
USA, UK, and Brazil.
2021-09-10 09:55:22

EU lists rare nerve disorder as possible side-effect of AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine



(Reuters) -Europe's medicines regulator has added an extremely rare nerve-damaging disorder, Guillain-Barré syndrome, as a possible side-effect of AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine, regular safety updates from the watchdog showed on Wednesday.

The European Medicines Agency said a causal relationship between GBS and the AstraZeneca shot, known as Vaxzevria, was a "at least a reasonable possibility" after 833 cases of GBS were reported out of 592 million doses of the vaccine given worldwide by July 31.

The EMA categorised the side-effect as "very rare", the lowest frequency of side-effect category it has, and has emphasised that the benefits of the shot outweigh the risks.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has added a warning over Guillain-Barré syndrome as a possible side-effect of Johnson & Johnson's shot. Both vaccines use viral vector technology, and have also been associated with rare blood clots.

The EMA also tagged some other less severe side-effects to vaccines from Johnson & Johnson, Moderna as well as AstraZeneca's shot.
2021-09-10 10:14:40
22,820 new cases (new national record) and 61 new deaths in the Philippines

Keep worsening.
2021-09-10 12:01:41
1,871 new cases (new national record) and 10 new deaths in Australia

Keep worsening rapidly!
2021-09-10 12:02:59
19 new cases in New Zealand

Still improving.
2021-09-10 16:42:09

新增7例COVID-19確定病例,分別為2例本土及5例境外移入

今增2本土! 台北松山區國一生確診、新北看病意外驗出陽性

中央流行疫情指揮中心今(10)日公布國內新增7例COVID-19確定病例,分別為2例本土及5例境外移入;另確診個案中新增1例死亡。

指揮中心說明,今日新增2例本土病例中,案16173為60多歲男性,9月7日出現胸痛、輕微噁心、肌肉痠痛等症狀,9月8日就醫並採檢,於今日確診,已匡列接觸者6人,列居家隔離,餘匡列中。案16179為10多歲男性, 9月8日出現胸痛、呼吸痛等症狀,9月9日就醫採檢,於今日確診,已匡列接觸者51人,列居家隔離,餘匡列中。衛生單位將持續進行疫情調查及防治,以釐清感染源。

指揮中心表示,今日新增5例境外移入個案,分別自美國(案16174、案16175)、土耳其(案16176)、日本(案16177)、亞美尼亞(案16178)入境,入境日介於8月26日至9月8日,均持有搭機前3日內檢驗陰性報告,詳如新聞稿附件。

指揮中心指出,今日新增1例死亡個案(案10387),為70多歲男性,具慢性病史及其他確診者接觸史,6月3日因其他原因就醫,同日出現發燒、咳嗽等症狀,採檢後住院治療,於6月4日確診,8月26日解除隔離,9月5日死亡。

指揮中心統計,截至目前國內累計2,938,839例新型冠狀病毒肺炎相關通報(含2,921,268例排除),其中16,069例確診,分別為1,452例境外移入,14,563例本土病例,36例敦睦艦隊、3例航空器感染、1例不明及14例調查中;另累計110例移除為空號。2020年起累計839例COVID-19死亡病例,其中829例本土,個案居住縣市分布為新北市411例、臺北市318例、基隆市28例、桃園市26例、彰化縣15例、新竹縣13例、臺中市5例、苗栗縣3例、宜蘭縣及花蓮縣各2例,臺東縣、雲林縣、臺南市、南投縣、高雄市及屏東縣各1例;另10例為境外移入。

中央流行疫情指揮中心今天(10日)公布,國內新增2例本土病例,一例在台北市,一例在新北市,目前這兩例感染源仍待查。

陳時中表示,台北市的案例是松山區國一學生,目前學校已停課,學生隔離也都在進行中,他有一個妹妹是讀國小,採檢是陰性。另外,新北新增的一例本土是看病時檢查出來,疫調進行中。
2021-09-11 10:03:48

意國藥監機構籲勿濫用未經許可抗病毒藥物治療新型肺炎



意大利藥監機構呼籲,不要濫用未經許可的抗病毒藥物治療新型肺炎,否則可能對健康構成潛在危險。

該機構表示接獲通知,衛生當局收到大量進口一款抗病毒藥物的申請,該款藥物未在意大利獲授權使用,但在巴西合法註冊及銷售。

機構指出,有意大利消費者要求,以藥物標示外使用的方式,在原本用途以外採用該款藥物,作為預防新型肺炎的治療方式,替代獲許可的新冠疫苗。

機構強調,使用該款藥物預防新冠病毒,在有效性及安全性方面,沒有任何證據支持,機構屬下的科學委員會,亦無授權為該款藥物進行臨床測試。
2021-09-11 10:39:34
37,622 new cases and 147 new deaths in the United Kingdom

still worsening
2021-09-11 10:41:48
2,060 new cases (new national rceord) and 8 new deaths in Australia

New cases surpass 2,000. Keep worsening rapidly.
2021-09-11 16:23:39
26,303 new cases (new national record) and 79 new deaths in the Philippines

New cases surpass 25,000. Keep worsening rapidly.
2021-09-11 16:25:28

新增5例COVID-19確定病例,自南非、越南、日本入境



中央流行疫情指揮中心今(11)日公布國內新增5例境外移入COVID-19確定病例,自南非、越南、日本入境;另確診個案中無新增死亡。

指揮中心表示,今日新增5例境外移入個案,為3女2男,年齡介於20多歲至50多歲,分別自南非(案16180)、越南(案16181至案16183)、日本(案16184)入境,入境日介於8月27日至9月9日。

指揮中心統計,截至目前國內累計2,965,908例新型冠狀病毒肺炎相關通報(含2,948,529例排除),其中16,074例確診,分別為1,457例境外移入,14,563例本土病例,36例敦睦艦隊、3例航空器感染、1例不明及14例調查中;另累計110例移除為空號。2020年起累計839例COVID-19死亡病例,其中829例本土,個案居住縣市分布為新北市411例、臺北市318例、基隆市28例、桃園市26例、彰化縣15例、新竹縣13例、臺中市5例、苗栗縣3例、宜蘭縣及花蓮縣各2例,臺東縣、雲林縣、臺南市、南投縣、高雄市及屏東縣各1例;另10例為境外移入。
2021-09-12 09:26:03

大阪將接收奧運村紙板床 用於收治新型肺炎病人醫院



日本大阪府知事吉村洋文說,期待東京奧運村與殘奧村內的紙板床運到大阪,用於專門收治新型肺炎病人的醫院內。

大阪新建用作治療新冠病人的醫院,由一座大型展覽中心改造而成,將於本月底完工,主要收治輕症及無症狀感染者。院內約有800張紙板床,加上運動員用過的枕頭亦會被運到大阪,提供給新冠病人使用。吉村洋文說這些床是參加奧運會的運動員用過,質量非常好。

東京奧組委稱,紙板床和由聚乙烯製成的床墊,在賽後回收利用,充分體現東京奧運會可持續發展的思路。大阪府是日本疫情較嚴重的地區之一,近期單日新增病例,僅次於東京都。
2021-09-12 10:55:13

指開工要打針「來港易」免針 田北辰:搞唔清政府邏輯



https://lihkg.com/thread/2696355/page/1
2021-09-12 16:04:42

今新增3例本土 幼兒園群聚增2人累計共29人 11例境外移入



中央流行疫情指揮中心今天宣布國內新增14例COVID-19(2019冠狀病毒疾病)確定個案,分別為3例本土病例及11例境外移入病例,其中幼兒園群聚新增2人,累計共29人。另外,今天沒有新增例死亡個案。

指揮中心說明,今日新增3例本土個案,為2例男性、1例女性,年齡介於20多歲至70多歲,發病日介於今9月7日至9月9日,個案分布為台北市、新北市及桃園市各1例;其中2例為已知感染源、1例關聯不明,衛生單位將持續進行疫情調查及防治,以釐清感染源。

指揮中心表示,今日新增11例境外移入個案,為5例男性、6例女性,年齡介於10多歲至60多歲,分別自美國(案16186)、印尼(案16187、16188、16192、16195)、阿拉伯聯合大公國(杜拜)(案16189、16190、16191、16196)、英國(案16193)、馬來西亞(案16194)入境,入境日均為9月10日,皆持有搭機前3日內檢驗陰性報告。
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