我搵到篇野, 出自Detroit News
呢篇長文, 會睇到Wayne County入面d人作風相當官僚
In Detroit, problems plague election vote-counting for more than 15 years
Detroit's problems counting its Aug. 4 primary ballots are not an isolated incident, but reflect a pattern of troubles over at least 15 years that have included judicial intervention, recounts of ballots by state election officials and an FBI investigation into potential voter fraud.
From outdated voter rolls to special deliveries of absentee ballots to obsolete equipment to mismatched poll book numbers, Detroit has become a regular epicenter of voting irregularities that haven't resulted in widespread voter fraud but have raised questions about the counting of ballots.
Reform efforts were launched after the November 2005 election when nearly 30% of precincts had discrepancies in voting totals during the early stages of a post-election audit.
At the time, federal officials launched an investigation and state election officials took control of absentee ballots after The Detroit News reported that legally incapacitated nursing home residents were being coaxed to vote and Detroit's voting rolls were inflated with more than 300,000 names of people who had died or moved out of the city.
While the accusations against the clerk's office have been less scurrilous in the following years, Michigan election officials have repeatedly been forced to review Detroit vote totals and help with recounts since Clerk Janice Winfrey took office in 2006. A state audit of a large sample of the November 2016 election precincts found "an abundance of human errors" but no voter fraud as it said Detroit election officials "have made progress in election administration."
Winfrey's challenger in the 2017 clerk election called the November 2016 a "complete catastrophe," but Winfrey was re-elected 50.6% to 49.1% over Garlin Gilchrist II, who is now Michigan's lieutenant governor.
During the primary election a month ago, recorded ballot counts in 72% of Detroit's absentee voting precincts didn't match the number of ballots cast. When factoring in Election Day results, almost half or 46% of precincts had voting totals that didn't match precinct poll book numbers — meaning they potentially couldn't be recounted in a close election.
Wayne County canvassers called for state intervention, and Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson formed a partnership with Winfrey that is resulting in a team of advisers to ensure the integrity of Detroit's November election.
The years of voting problems call for a strategic plan to fix the problem and a response that doesn't place the blame on volunteers, said longtime Detroit political consultant Mario Morrow.
"People are looking at Detroit, saying, get your s--- together," Morrow said.
"That’s a big, big, big problem in Black and brown America, when people say my vote doesn’t count," he said. "This increases that myth.”
But vote-counting problems are present in any big city and don't reflect the character of most election workers, who are "good people," said Sheila Cockrel, who served on the Detroit City Council for 15 years in the 1990s and early 2000s.
The troubles are a symptom of Detroit's transient population, which makes it difficult to keep voting records up-to-date; inadequate funding to finance updated equipment; a dearth of well-trained volunteers to help on the big day; and state laws limiting work prior to the election, Cockrel said.
Still, the Detroit clerk has the responsibility to train staff, educate the public on voting options and offer more absentee ballot drop locations, she said.
"The buck stops with whoever’s in charge all the time," Cockrel said. "I believe there’s always responsibility to be meeting the challenge of the moment. I think some people have done better jobs than others.”
But the problem is more widespread than Detroit and occurs in other large cities or sometimes Detroit's suburbs, said political consultant Greg Bowens, who is a former Detroit mayoral spokesman. The stakes are higher for black Detroit expatriate in largely white communities where the perception may exist that the deck is stacked against them, he said.
"The stories about long lines in Warren, voting irregularities in Southfield, problems happening in the smaller suburban communities — they have a bigger impact on morale," Bowens said.
1. 選舉爭議係底特律城同埋Wayne County 呢個城持續出現, 更驚動過FBI介入
4. 2016年大選都出現過問題, 但未影響結果
5. 今年初選, 選區7成以上缺席票同總票數不符