盲人涉偷看國家機密 (79)

1001 回覆
6 Like 8 Dislike
2018-12-07 19:40:31
如果ama2111有a
我一個星期唔講粗口
2018-12-07 19:40:50
咁冇誠意
2018-12-07 19:42:06
一個星期唔食嘢就a
2018-12-07 19:42:59
屌喇星 我有A一個sem唔打飛機
2018-12-07 19:43:17
跟機
2018-12-07 19:43:31
唔食嘢一定有A
啲洗女個個都A
2018-12-07 19:43:40
唔係喎
你有女
2018-12-07 19:43:42
2018-12-07 19:46:15

我唔做呢啲嘢嫁

我唔係xx霞/x霞xxx
2018-12-07 19:46:34
The stereographic projection is a homeomorphism between the unit sphere in R3 with a single point removed and the set of all points in R2 (a 2-dimensional plane).
2018-12-07 19:50:33
好男人
2018-12-07 19:51:16
Stochastic calculus is a branch of mathematics that operates on stochastic processes. It allows a consistent theory of integration to be defined for integrals of stochastic processes with respect to stochastic processes. It is used to model systems that behave randomly.

The best-known stochastic process to which stochastic calculus is applied is the Wiener process (named in honor of Norbert Wiener), which is used for modeling Brownian motion as described by Louis Bachelier in 1900 and by Albert Einstein in 1905 and other physical diffusion processes in space of particles subject to random forces. Since the 1970s, the Wiener process has been widely applied in financial mathematics and economics to model the evolution in time of stock prices and bond interest rates.

The main flavours of stochastic calculus are the Itô calculus and its variational relative the Malliavin calculus. For technical reasons the Itô integral is the most useful for general classes of processes, but the related Stratonovich integral is frequently useful in problem formulation (particularly in engineering disciplines). The Stratonovich integral can readily be expressed in terms of the Itô integral. The main benefit of the Stratonovich integral is that it obeys the usual chain rule and therefore does not require Itô's lemma. This enables problems to be expressed in a coordinate system invariant form, which is invaluable when developing stochastic calculus on manifolds other than Rn. The dominated convergence theorem does not hold for the Stratonovich integral, consequently it is very difficult to prove results without re-expressing the integrals in Itô form.
2018-12-07 19:53:42
i don't like stat
2018-12-07 19:54:44
通常真math人都唔鐘意stat
連登會考巴同你都係咁講
我識幾個Math major既又係咁講
2018-12-07 19:56:19
exam完自修analysis
2018-12-07 19:56:52
咁我系...
2018-12-07 19:57:20
岩岩落堂等收工😪
2018-12-07 19:57:49
2018-12-07 19:58:23
變左性😱
2018-12-07 19:58:34
真math人好少讀stat。。。
2018-12-07 19:58:57
Math analysis?
2018-12-07 19:59:03
我都覺..我假人😭
2018-12-07 19:59:12
小妹本身就係絲打
2018-12-07 19:59:13
有冇幫人補m1
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